Siberian Husky – True Winter Dog

The Siberian Husky is a medium-size, dense-coat working  dog breed that originated in eastern Siberia. The breed belongs to the Spitz genetic family. It is recognizable by its thickly furred double coat, sickle tail, erect triangular ears, and distinctive markings

siberian huskey1 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog
siberian huskey2 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog
Huskies are an active, energetic, and resilient breed whose ancestors came from the extremely cold and harsh environment of the Siberian Arctic. Siberian Huskies were bred by the Chukchi of Northeastern Asia. The dogs were imported into Alaska during the Nome Gold Rush and later spread into the United States and Canada. They were initially sent to Alaska and Canada as sled dogs but rapidly acquired the status of family pets and show dogs. The Siberian Husky, Samoyed, and Alaskan Malamute are all breeds directly descended from the original “sled dog.”

siberian huskey3 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

siberian huskey4 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

Recent DNA analysis confirms that this is one of the oldest breeds of dog. The name “Husky” does not mean that these dogs are burly, thick, fat, or overweight. “Husky” originated as a mutation of the term “Eskie,” a derogatory name used by the Europeans to describe the Inuit people whom they met when they first made expeditions into the Arctic. The word “Siberian” in this breed’s name is derived from Siberia itself, because it is thought that Eskimo or sled dogs were used to cross the land bridge of the Bering Strait on the way into, or out of, Alaska Breeds descending from the Eskimo dog were once found throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Siberia to Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Labrador, and Baffin Island With the help of Siberian Huskies, entire tribes of peoples were able not only to survive, but to push forth into terra incognita. Admiral Robert Peary of the United States Navy was aided by this breed during his expeditions in search of the North Pole. The Siberian Husky’s role in this feat cannot be overestimated.

siberian huskey5 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

siberian huskey6 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

Siberian Huskies share many outward similarities with the Alaskan Malamute as well as many other Spitz breeds such as the Samoyed, which has a comparable history to the Huskies. They come in a variety of colors and patterns, usually with white paws and legs, facial markings, and tail tip. The most common colors are black and white, copper-red and white, gray and white, and pure white, though many individuals have blondish or piebald spotting. Striking masks, spectacles, and other facial markings occur in wide variety. They tend to have a wolf-like appearance. The pure white Husky is treasured if it has ice-blue eyes, as it does not occur in most litters. The facial appearance, depending on the category of the dog, could be that of a wolf, which is most common in the show ring.

siberian huskey7 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

siberian huskey8 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

The Siberian Husky’s coat is thicker than that of most breeds of dogs,  comprising two layers: a dense undercoat and a longer topcoat of short, straight guard hairs. It protects the dogs effectively against harsh Arctic winters, but the coat also reflects heat in the summer. It is able to withstand temperatures as low as ?50 °C to ?60 °C.  The undercoat is often absent during shedding.Their thick coats require weekly grooming. Long guard hair is not desirable and is considered a fault. The Siberian Husky has been described as a behavioral representative of the domestic dog’s forebearer, the wolf, exhibiting a wide range of its ancestors’ behavior.

siberian huskey9 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

siberian huskey10 Siberian Husky   True Winter Dog

They are known to howl rather than bark Hyperactivity, displaying as an overactive hunting drive, a characteristic of kenneled dogs, is often noticeable in dogs released from their captive environment for exercise — a behavior welcome in hunting dogs but not in the family pet. The frequency of kenneled Siberian Huskies, especially for racing purposes, is rather high, as attributed through the history of the breed in North America. They are affectionate with people, but independent. A fifteen-minute daily obedience training class will serve well for Siberian Huskies. Siberians need consistent training and do well with a positive reinforcement training program. They rank 45th in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs, being of average working/obedience intelligence. They tend to run because they were at first bred to be sled dogs. Owners are advised to exercise caution when letting their Siberian Husky off the leash as the dog is likely to be miles away before looking around and realizing their owner is nowhere in sight. They also get bored easily, so playing with toys or throwing the ball at least once a day is essential. Failure to give them the attention or proper exercise they need can result in unwanted behavior, such as excessive howling, marking, chewing on furniture, or crying This dog is sometimes called “the clown of the dogs” after its love to play like a puppy right through its life.

Article from www.pluspets.net/siberian-husky-true-winter-dog

Are female dogs the friendliest?

For as long as one can remember, people are always trying to figure out if they want a female dog or a male dog. Would a female personality fit in better with their family or a male? Will the existing family pet get along with another of the same or opposite sex? How are you really supposed to know what their adult  personality is going to be?During a recent study on Beagles, Swedish researchers at Linkoping University have determined that females are, in fact, the friendlier and more sociable sex.  It appears that their maternal instincts make them interact with humans more than males do.

Professor Per Jensen, of Linkoping University, said, “Females scored significantly higher on social interactions and physical contact. We don’t really know why females were more social towards humans, but a speculative possibility would be that it could be a side-effect of their nurturing instincts. Perhaps female dogs are more apt at co-operation since they have a pup-rearing responsibility in their natural behavior.”

The study took place with 400 pedigree Beagles. Each Beagle was presented with three plastic containers, each containing a biscuit.  Two of the containers had lids that were slightly off and the third had a lid that was fully closed.  It turns out that the females were much more likely to look at the researcher for help – some even touched them with their paw.

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Professor Jensen hopes that this research can help figure out human behavior.

“Reduced eye contact and communication have been suggested to be important aspects of human autism spectrum disorders,” says Jensen.

He hopes that this can further the understanding of genetic basis of the autism spectrum disorders.

Fear not, male owners. Prof. Jensen doesn’t want you to think that the female is the superior pet.

“We studied only one single breed and we do not know how the communicative skills relate to other aspects of their social behavior… So I would not dare to take the conclusions that far.”

References:

1.  Chicken Smoothie 2. Huffington Post 3. Daily Mail UK

Article reposted from http://3milliondogs.com/

12 Tips for a Well Behaved Dog

I) Start training your puppy early on. While old dogs can be taught new tricks, what’s learned earliest, is often learned quickest and easiest. Moreover, the older the dog, the more bad habits will likely need to be “un-learned”. When it comes to raising and training a dog, an ounce of problem prevention is certainly worth a pound of cure!

2) Train your dog gently and humanely, and whenever possible, teach him using positive, motivational methods. Keep obedience sessions upbeat so that the training process is enjoyable for all parties involved. If training your pooch is a drudgery, rev things up a bit, and try the “playtraining” approach: incorporate constructive, non-adversarial games (such as “Go Find”, “Hide ‘n’ Seek”, retrieving, etc.) into your training sessions.

3) Does your dog treat you like “hired help” at home? Does he treat you like a human gymnasium when you’re sitting on the furniture? Does he beg at the table? Jump up on visitors? Demand your attention by annoying you to death? Ignore your commands? How well your dog responds to you at home affects his behavior outdoors as well. If your dog doesn’t respond reliably to commands at home (where distractions are relatively minimal), he certainly won’t respond to you properly outdoors where he’s tempted by other dogs, pigeons, passersby, sidewalk food scraps, etc.

4) Avoid giving your dog commands that you know you cannot enforce. Every time you give a command that is neither complied with nor enforced your dog learns that commands are optional.

5) One command should equal one response, so give your dog only one command (twice max!), then gently enforce it. Repeating commands tunes your dog out (as does nagging) and teaches your dog that the first several commands are a “bluff ‘. For instance, telling your dog to “Sit, sit, sit, sit!”, is neither an efficient nor effective way to issue commands. Simply give your dog a single “Sit” command and gently place or lure your dog into the sit position, then praise/reward.

6) Avoid giving your dog combined commands which are incompatible. Combined commands such as “sit-down” can confuse your dog. Using this example, say either “sit” or “down”. The command “sit-down” simply doesn’t exist.

7) When giving your dog a command, avoid using a loud voice. Even if your dog is especially independent/unresponsive, your tone of voice when issuing an obedience command such as “sit”,”down” or “”stay”, should be calm and authoritative, rather than harsh or loud.

NOTE: Many owners complain that their dogs are “stubborn”, and that they “refuse to listen” when given a command. Before blaming the dog when he doesn’t respond to a command, one must determine whether or not: a) the dog knows what the owner wants, b) he knows how to comply,  c) he is not simply being unresponsive due to fear, stress or confusion.

8 ) Whenever possible, use your dog’s name positively, rather than using it in conjunction to reprimands, warnings or punishment. Your dog should trust that when it hears its name or is called to you, good things happen. His name should always be a word he responds to with enthusiasm, never hesitancy or fear.

9) Correct or, better yet, prevent the (mis)behavior, don’t punish the dog. Teaching and communication is what it’s all about, not getting even with your dog. If you’re taking an “it’s-you-against-your dog, whip ’em into shape” approach, you’ll undermine your relationship, while missing out on all the fun that a motivational training approach can offer. Additionally, after-the-fact discipline does NOT work.

10) When training one’s dog, whether praising or correcting, good timing is essential. Take the following example: You’ve prepared a platter of hors d’oeuvres for a small dinner party, which you’ve left on your kitchen counter. Your dog walks into the room and smells the hors d’oeuvres. He air-sniffs, then eyes the food, and is poised to jump up. This is the best, easiest and most effective time to correct your dog: before he’s misbehaved, while he’s thinking about jumping up to get the food.

11) Often, dog owners inadvertently reinforce their dogs’ misbehavior, by giving their dogs lots of attention (albeit negative attention) when they misbehave. Needless to say, if your dog receives lots of attention and handling when he jumps up on you, that behavior is being reinforced, and is therefor likely to be repeated.

12) Keep a lid on your anger. Never train your dog when you’re feeling grouchy or impatient. Earning your dog’s respect is never accomplished by yelling, hitting, or handling your dog in a harsh manner. Moreover, studies have shown that fear and stress inhibit the learning process.

Copyright 1995 – 2000,  Robin Kovary

Original article appeared at www.inch.com/~dogs/twelvetips.html

What exactly does your dog see?

Have you ever been curious about how your dog sees the world?

 

Our eyes perceive the world through the use of rods and cones. Dogs eyes work in a very similar way except the amount of colors they see is only a fraction of what we see. Moreover their ability to discern between brightness isn’t as strong as ours, meaning that it’s harder for them to tell the difference between two shades of gray. Below is the spectrum visible to humans spanning from magenta to violet, underneath that is the visible spectrum to our doggies.

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Dogs view the world in a mix of yellow, blue and shades of gray. Colours such as red and green can appear very similar to them. When selecting a toy for your dog, try to pick a colour that is easily visible to them such as something that includes blue or yellow. If you were playing fetch with your dog and they constantly keep running past the ball, it could be difficult for them to see.

Below is the lovely shot of the town of Burano, Italy. On the left is the original, and on the right is the doggy vision.

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Many of the yellows and the blues that we can see are visible to dogs, but its visualized in a different way. While our photoreceptors mix red, green and blue light, theirs mix yellow and blue and compensate for the rest using shades of gray.

Here is a useful tool to show how your dog views the world.

So when you ask your dog “How do I look?” they probably think you look great,  but don’t take their advice on matching colors.

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Originally posted on http://3milliondogs.com/news/what-exactly-does-your-dog-see

9 Things Your Dog Wants to Tell You

We like to ascribe all sorts of emotions to our dogs, but, truth be told, they are much simpler than humans. They’re motivated by the basics: food, activity and companionship. That said, a dog’s behavior around his owners does have meaning. From the desire to protect you to an intuition about your health and happiness, read on to discover what your dog would tell you if he could speak.

“I want to protect you.”

You may think your dog belongs to you, but you belong to your dog, as well. That means he is going to claim you and protect you. “When he’s sitting on your foot, it’s an ownership thing. If his [bottom] is on you, he’s marking your foot,” says Jennifer Brent, animal advocate and external relations manager for the L.A.-based non profit animal welfare advocacy group Found Animals. “It’s not just that he wants to be close to you, he’s saying, ‘This is mine; now it smells like me, don’t go near it.’ He does this for three main reasons: to feel secure about his place in your life, to warn other dogs that you are spoken for and because he wants to protect you.” To ensure your protection, dogs will also bark at guests, growl at other dogs when outside and pull on the leash while out for a walk. “There’s a line of thinking that the dog is your scout. He sees himself as a member of the pack, and he wants to make sure everything is cool before you get there,” Brent says. Photo: Thinkstock

“I can sense when you’re in a bad mood.”

Whether it was a stressful day at work or a fight with your significant other, your dog will pick up on how you feel—and feel it, too. “It goes without saying, when you’re stressed, they’re more stressed; when you’re happier, they’re happy. They match up moods with you better than a spouse or a partner,” says Marty Becker, DVM, pet expert at Vetstreet.com. “They sit there and study you.” This relationship works the other way, too: If you want to make your pooch relax, you know just where to scratch; if you want to be more playful, you know how to pet him. “You can, like a gas pedal, change that dynamic with your dog,” Dr. Becker says. Photo: Matthew Williams-Ellis/Thinkstock

 

 

“I need more exercise!”

If she’s eliminating on the floor, chewing the furniture or running circles around the coffee table, your dog is probably trying to tell you she needs more activity in her life. “That’s where we see a lot of behavioral issues with dogs in households,” Brent says. This is particularly true for active breeds, such as herding or hunting dogs. “The Dalmatian was trained to be a hunting dog. You can’t take an animal that’s used to running eight miles a day, put it in an apartment, and expect it to be OK. If your dog’s destroying stuff, he’s saying, ‘I’m bored, you need to give me something to do.'” While exercise is important—dogs should receive 45 to 60 minutes of physical exercise and 15 minutes of behavioral training per day—Dr. Becker says you can also play mental games to keep your pooch entertained. Make her play search-and-seek games for her food or even use food puzzles that she has to solve before her meal is dispensed. Photo: Shutterstock

 

 

“I’m scared you won’t come back.”

While most dogs are going to bark for a few minutes when you leave the house—just to let you know you’re forgetting someone—some dogs have a much more serious reaction. “If you watch a video of a dog with separation anxiety, it’ll tear your heart out. It’s like the kid lost at the mall without his parents,” Dr. Becker says. “They freak out. They think you’re not coming back. They often attack the area where you leave; they’ll tear up the doorframe, they’re destructive. If you come home and they’ve had diarrhea or [are excessively] panting, their cortisol levels are high, and you have to take action.” Dr. Becker recommends speaking with a dog behaviorist to receive a training program and possibly a canine antidepressant. To help assuage the trauma associated with your departure, you can try these training intervals: Put your coat on, grab your keys and go stand outside for 30 seconds. Come back in, and then go out for one minute, then five, and build from there. It’s also helpful to give your dog a treat before you leave, or feed him using an interactive food puzzle to keep him distracted. Photo: Shutterstock

 

“I can tell when you’re not feeling well.”

It’s a hard phenomenon to explain, but many dogs seem to be able to detect illness in their owners. And new evidence has found that some dogs can actually detect a wide array of serious conditions, includingcancer, as well as seizures related to epilepsy. “We know that there’s a chemical marker that a few dogs are detecting, just like they can detect bed bugs, mold, peanuts, drugs and explosives,” Dr. Becker says. “They can smell the ketones on a diabetic’s breath when their sugar is low. For epileptics [about to have a seizure], they can alert their owner so they can get out of harm’s way.” Some canines are even more naturally empathetic to humans. Often, these dogs become therapy dogs, providing affection to those in need, while also sensing—and being able to react to—health problems. “Some people just need a dog to lay still with them; others need a reason to get out of the bed. It’s the weirdest thing how therapy dogs know when to [move] close or far away,” says Dr. Becker. Photo: Shutterstock

 

“Pay attention when I’m not myself.”

It’s important to pay attention to your pooch’s behavior because if something seems amiss, he’s probably not feeling well. “You want to catch things in the earliest period to prevent unnecessary pain or worse,” says Dr. Becker. “I call it ‘Dog-ter Mom,’ because 80% of caregivers for pets are women. You just need to pay attention to your intuition.” That means noticing behavior that’s out of the norm: he’s not as playful as usual, he’s acting aggressively, he has trouble getting up or isn’t eating properly. “You want to pay particular attention to eating habits,” Dr. Becker says. “Food is their currency. If he isn’t eating enough or is eating too much, if he’s drinking more water or needs to eliminate more, or if you have a dog that’s losing weight, then something’s wrong.” Photo: Adam Wasilewski/Thinkstock

 

“I need a routine, but with a little variety.”

They say that a dog’s mental capacity is that of a toddler; and just like a toddler, dogs thrive on routine. “Knowing what to expect is really, really important, otherwise they don’t know how to react,” Brent says. A general routine is best, but that doesn’t mean you have to do everything at the same time each day. In fact, varying the time will actually help in the long run, says Dr. Becker. Otherwise, your dog will start running the show. “You don’t want them to force how the clock works,” he says. If they do, it’s likely that your dog will “insist on his 5 a.m. feeding on a Sunday, when you want to sleep until 8 a.m. Vary it up. If you control their food, you control them—in a good way.” Photo: Thinkstock

 

 

 

“Be clear when I’m doing something wrong.”

Correcting your dog is important—and how you do it is key. Avoid explaining your dog’s behavior to him, or using a calm voice. Take a firm (not mean) tone and be direct. “Dogs respond to tone. If you say, ‘No!’ while a bad action is happening, you’re going to get a much better response than if you say it in a gentle voice or wait to say it afterwards,” Brent says. To ensure results, it has to be said in the moment of action, and in the same way every time. “If you want to train your dog to be calm when he sees another dog, you can’t wait until that dog has passed to give him a treat for being good. You can’t wait until you get home,” Brent says. “That says putting down the leash means a treat, instead of the action [you’re trying to reinforce].” Photo: Shutterstock

 

 

“I’m not a human.”

There’s no doubt your dog is part of the family—but that doesn’t mean she should be treated like a person. “Thinking your dog has the motivation of a person is the number one problem I see,” says Gina Spadafori, pet columnist and executive editor of the PetConnection.com. Whether your dog eliminates in the house or chews up the remote, the cause has nothing to do with revenge. “It’s not an emotional or rational response. It’s either a lack of training, illness or a stress reaction that can be triggered by a change in the house,” Spadafori says. So if your dog is acting out, start by trying to find the root cause. Is she sick, improperly trained or has there been a recent change in routine? Once you locate the cause, understanding and correcting her behavior will be much easier. Photo: Chris Amaral/Thinkstock

 

 


Article originally from http://www.womansday.com/life/pet-care/a2612/9-things-your-dog-wants-to-tell-you-123609/

Adopting A Senior Dog … Why Not?

Most people won’t even think about adopting a senior dog, when it comes to adopting a dog, young puppies are what everyone wants; they are so cute, right?

A Cute Senior Dog

However, most people don’t realize that puppies are much more work than what anyone can imagine and truth be told unruly and energetic puppies aren’t for everyone.

On the other hand, if you ask people what they look for in a dog, they would say they are looking for a cute, well behaved, calm and loving dog, that doesn’t require huge amounts of energy to care for because they already have very busy lives and not much energy to spare, but they still would like to have a dog as a part of their family.

Well… the answer is simple, think outside the box, look beyond the highly adoptable pups, and consider adopting a senior dog, they are the most incredibly loving, laid back and appreciative dogs you can find.

Adopting a homeless dog is an amazing act of compassion and a highly rewarding experience; nevertheless, adopting an old dog and giving this dog a chance to live his last years in the comfort of a loving home is priceless.

If you can look pass the fact that your old friend will only be with you for a few years and might need some extra tender loving care, you will soon find out that old dogs rule, and here is why…

They are really easy to train, most senior dogs are already housetrained, don’t need great amounts of vigorous exercise and typical behavior problems like separation anxiety, and excessive barking, leash pulling and destructive behaviors are rare.

When it comes to health care, senior dogs need good nutrition, mild exercise, a warm and comfortable place to rest; regular visits to the vet and love.

And the best thing about old dogs is their easygoing temperament, wise old dogs are not troublemakers, they just love to be close to their people and enjoy life at an easy and gentle pace.

So… don’t hesitate to give yourself the wonderful opportunity to brighten the last years of an old dog, you will not regret it as your old dog will constantly remind you of how grateful he is for having you in his life…

Post originally appeared on www.dog-obedience-and-behavior-support.com/senior-dog.html